Radiolysis of hydrocarbons
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Radiolysis of hydrocarbons

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Published by Elsevier Pub. Co. in Amsterdam .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Hydrocarbons,
  • Radiochemistry

Book details:

Edition Notes

Statementedited by A.V. Topchiev ; English ed. edited by R.A. Holroyd.
ContributionsHolroyd, Richard Alan, 1930-,, Polak, Lev Solomonovich,, Topchiev, Aleksandr Vasil"evich,
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQD603 C1 A513
The Physical Object
Pagination232p.
Number of Pages232
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16701230M

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D. Féron, in Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering, Radiolysis of water. Radiolysis consists in a series of phenomena by which molecules are destabilized by ionizing irradiation particles such as phonons, electrons or heavy ions, leading to new chemical species. Radiolysis occurs in environments under irradiation: water as coolant in nuclear power plants (NPP), or in cements. Identity and reactions of metastable species formed in γ-radiolysis and photolysis of CH3Br, CH2Br2, CHBr3, CBr4 and CHBr2CHBr2 in 3-methylpentane glass at 77 K. Radiation Physics and Chemistry () , 16 (1), DOI: /(80) Gábor Földiák. Radiolysis of liquid by: Secondary reactions in the liquid phase radiolysis of cyclohexane in the presence of N 2 O and SF 6 have been examined by determining the yields of liquid products. When we added up to M N 2 O, the hydrogen yield was reduced from its initial yield of G units to G units. The nitrogen yields were about twice the decrease in hydrogen by: The radiolysis of gaseous GeH 4 –C 2 H 6 and GeH 4 –C 3 H 8 mixtures yields solid powders containing Ge, C and H. The composition of the solids has been determined versus the Ge–hydrocarbon ratio in the gas phase and the nature of the hydrocarbon. The carbon content of the solids has been found to be proportional to the number of carbon atoms in the reacting mixture.

The radiolysis of dilute solutions ( to 10 electron %) of saturated hydrocarbons in krypton matrices at 77 °K results in the production of much more hydrogen than that obtained in the absence of krypton. This enhanced hydrogen yield is independent of hydrocarbon concentration over the range studied.   Radical Yields in the Radiolysis of Branched Hydrocarbons: Tertiary C−H Bond Rupture in 2,3-Dimethylbutane, 2,4-Dimethylpentane, and 3-Ethylpentane. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A , (43), DOI: /jp+. Laszlo Wojnarovits and, Robert H. Schuler. Pulse Radiolysis presents an in-depth discussion of the pulse radiolysis technique, one of the most important and powerful means for detecting transient and relaxation phenomena and following their behavior in irradiated systems. The book covers the principle of pulse radiolysis, identifies various kinds of pulse radiolysis techniques, and discusses recent advancements in the field. The text.   Studying of radiolysis of mixes of saturated and nonsaturated hydrocarbons at various concentration gives the chance to draw conclusions about the nature of the main radiochemical processes. In the fuels containing a large amount of nonsaturated hydrocarbons in the course of radiation the coking behavior increases and color worsens.

  It seems that, contrary to the mixtures of chloroform or tetrachloromethane`5' with hexane, even at high concentrations of the scavenger reaction (4) is the only important source for CH_Cl- radicals besides the direct radiolysis. Radiolysis of hydrocarbons: dichloromethane in liquid hexane i f _ - [CHZCt2/mO1 I-']-'1z 0 5 The role of intermediate surface-active decomposition products in the process of heterogeneous radiolysis of hydrocarbons is discussed, as well as the influence of the surface relief of the metal in the dynamics of the change in the decomposition process on the rate of formation and the yield of final products of radiolysis.   Yoshihiko Hatano is director general of the Advanced Science Research Center at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency and professor emeritus at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. Dr. Hatano is the author or coauthor of more than refereed journal articles, scientific papers, and books. His research interests include primary and fundamental processes in charged particle and photon Reviews: 1. Article Views are the COUNTER-compliant sum of full text article downloads since November (both PDF and HTML) across all institutions and individuals.